The hip is classified as a ball and socket joint and allows for flexibility within the hip. The hip joint is where the femur bone articulates with the pelvis. The ball of the femur fits into the socket of the pelvis and is held there tightly by the labarum as well as surrounding multiple ligaments, muscles, and cartilage. The hip joint allows for us to perform everyday activities such as walking, sitting, climbing stairs, and running. Due to overuse, prolonged wear and tear or an acute injury, the structures around the hip can deteriorate and this can lead to subsequent. One of the most common causes of hip pain tends to be due to trochanteric bursitis. Bursitis is defined as inflammation of the bursa, which are the small sacs of fluid that provide lubrication between the tendons and the bones. The greater trochanter bursa helps to cushion the greater trochanter of the hip to the muscles and tendons of the buttocks. It can become inflamed or irritated when there is an injury or prolonged wear and tear on the hip from activities such as running and biking. Some common symptoms include: limping, swelling of the hip, warmth, and redness to touch of the area, hip and buttocks pain when doing an activity or sleeping, as well tenderness to a palpation over the trochanter. If you have been experiencing any of these symptoms or have recently injured your hip, your doctor may send you for a diagnostic ultrasound in order to visualize these structures.
Common Hip Pain Diagnoses:
- Abnormalities of the muscles such as tears and soft tissue masses
- Foreign bodies, bleeding, infections, or other types of fluid collect
- Early changes of arthritis
- Iliopsoas Tendinitis
- Detecting abnormalities of the labarum
- Begnin and malignant soft tissue tumours
- Trochanteric bursitis
Before/During the Ultrasound What to Expect
The ultrasound is performed by an experienced sonographer. There is no preparation needed for the appointment. Please arrive early in order to have time to check in with the receptionist. You may be asked to remove certain articles of clothing in order to the sonographer to be able to have easy access to the hip. Proper draping and a gown will be provided. If you are having images taken of both hips, the appointment will be approximately half an hour. If you only have one, it is approximately fifteen minutes. Please address any of your questions or concerns to your family before your scheduled appointment.